In Canada, gum disease is very common among adults, but it can also be seen in children. Today, our Stayner dentists share the common causes of gum disease in kids and how you can help prevent it.
Gum Disease in Children
Gum disease (also called periodontal disease) is an infection of the oral cavity that can affect the gums, teeth, and in severe cases, the supporting jaw bone.
Gingivitis is the earliest and mildest stage of gum disease and is the most common form among children and teenagers.
Common Causes of Gum Disease
When plaque builds up in the mouth as a result of poor oral hygiene, gum disease occurs, which is a common problem in children. Plaque is a sticky film that forms on the teeth when bacteria is not removed from the mouth on a regular or sufficient basis. Tartar will form as a result of the accumulation of plaque on the teeth, which will then infect the gums, causing them to become red and swollen.
There are still some other causes of gum diseases that children aren't necessarily immune to. Mouth breathing, for example, is a cause of chronic dry mouth, which in turn can lead to gingivitis if not handled properly. In addition to this, a diet full of starches and sugars won't provide enough nutrients to the gums and teeth, further increasing the risk of gum disease in children.
Hormonal changes, especially during puberty, also come with an increased risk of gum disease. This is because blood flow is increased due to hormonal imbalances. This imbalance can create sensitive gums and teeth, which are in turn more susceptible to plaque and food particles.
Gum Disease Symptoms
Gum disease can manifest itself in a variety of ways depending on where it is in its progression. While early symptoms are mild in comparison to advanced symptoms, they are still inconvenient and uncomfortable, as well as a warning sign of potentially more serious problems to come.
Early Signs & Symptoms of Gum Disease
- Bad breath
- Bleeding gums during flossing
- Inflamed or swollen gum
If gum disease is allowed to progress unchecked and untreated, it will eventually manifest itself in more severe symptoms.
Advanced Gum Disease Symptoms
- Sensitive teeth
- Receding gums
- Painful chewing
- Loose teeth (which may eventually fall out)
- Periodontal pockets (space between the gums and teeth)
How Gum Disease in Children Can Be Prevented
Gum disease can be prevented in both children and adults with a few simple steps. It probably won't come as a surprise to learn that maintaining good oral hygiene is essential in preventing gum disease from developing in the first place!
An effective oral hygiene routine at home, as well as regular dental visits for cleanings and examinations, are essential components of good oral health.